In this module we will describe and discuss respectively main approaches of Christian and Islamic understanding of human life based on the Holy Scriptures, i.e. Bible (regarding to Protestant, Catholic and Orthodox) and the Qur’an and Prophetic traditions.

In this present module II, we will respectively describe Islamic and Christian discourses about the relationship between sins and punishment. Islam teaches that after God created the universe, He desired to establish His own sovereignty, and therefore revealed His canons including commands and prohibitions to people through the angels. 

The main objective of this unit is to provide the participants with the knowledge (as well as associated skills and competences resulting from it) necessary to understand the main, most commonly observed methods used in Islam, and both Eastern and Western Christianity, to cope with various types of health-related problems.

In this module we will describe and exemplify some healing experiences commonly seen in the cultures.

This module deals with Religion and the moral competence and ethical responsibility of people who take care of sick people” in terms of Islamic, Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity way of understanding.

Traditional healing customs and techniques could be commonly seen in Turkey and Christian countries as well. In this module the Relationship Between Religiousness and Health, and Impact of Religion on the Psychology of Sick Individuals in terms of Islam, Eastern Christianity and Western Christianity will be described with their contemporary implementations.

This module provides a set of case studies that are relevant and support the very concept of religion as a lever towards mental and physical health. Each case study has been grouped in relevance to all the TORAL modules (except module 7) and has been grouped per country.

Religion and spirituality are important factors in the majority of patients seeking care. Unfortunately, health providers may not always take religious beliefs into account when they are dealing with patients and their families.